AITKEN, Robert (printer & publisher). The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments: Newly Translated Out of the Original Tongues; and with the Former Translations Diligently Compared and Revised. Philadelphia: Printed and sold by Robert Aitken, 1781-1782. Two parts bound in one volume. pp., text in two columns. Unpaginated, the Old Testament collates [pi],A-ZZ in twelves, Aaa5. The New Testament collates A-Dd in sixes (including a W signature). Complete with title-leaves to both the Old and New Testaments, along with the certification leaf from Congress. 12mo. Contemporary calf, spine ruled in gilt. Boards and joints a bit rubbed. Text lightly tanned with light, scattered foxing and soiling throughout and occasional dampstaining, mostly to the outer edge. Some leaves cropped close with occasional loss to text. Professional paper repairs to lower edge of Old Testament titleleaf and certification leaf. Lower outer corner of New Testament titleleaf torn, with loss to printed border, professionally repaired. Old Testament leaves B6 and B7 and New Testament leaves Gg6 and Gg7 supplied from another copy, with leaf B6 bearing the ink inscription of one Rachel Emerson. Ex-Newberry Library, with bookplate on front pastedown. Small ownership labels on front pastedown and front free endpaper. Contemporary ownership inscription in ink of "Geo. Walton." at the top of recto of leaf A2. Very good. In a gray cloth clamshell box, gilt leather label. The Aitken Bible is one of the most celebrated American bibles, being the first complete English Bible printed in America. During the colonial era the monopoly on printing English bibles belonged to the Royal Printer, and the colonies were supplied entirely with bibles printed in England. The first Bible printed in the British colonies in America was the famous Eliot Indian Bible, in Algonquin, issued in Cambridge in 1661-63 and reprinted in 1680-85. The 18th century saw the printing of bibles in German. With the American Revolution, the British monopoly on English-language bibles naturally ended, and the embargo on goods from England acted to create a shortage. Aitken, a Philadelphia printer, undertook the task, producing the New Testament in 1781 and the Old Testament in 1782. On completion, he petitioned the Continental Congress for their endorsement and received it in September 1782. Becaus.