BACON, Benjamin C. Statistics of the Colored People of Philadelphia. Taken by Benjamin C. Bacon, and Published by Order of the Board of Education of "The Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery," etc. Philadelphia: Reprinted by Order of the Board of Education, 1859. 24pp. Original printed wrappers. Wrappers slightly soiled, chipping at extremities. Internally clean. A very good copy. LIBRARY COMPANY, AFRO-AMERICANA 751. SABIN 62293. The rare, expanded second edition of Benjamin Bacon's important 1856 survey, featuring additional statistics and analysis regarding incarceration rates. Conducted and published by order of the Board of Education of the Pennsylvania Society for the Abolition of Slavery, this is the third such study of Philadelphia's African American population, preceded by a Society of Friends census in 1849 and a first in 1838, also by Bacon on behalf of the Abolition Society. In fitting with the mission of its sponsor, the present study focuses in particular on literacy rates, libraries (including the Library Company of Philadelphia), schools, and other educational organizations, and employment in "the higher departments of labor, such as clerkships, &c." The report contains statistics for leadership and attendance of each of the public and private schools in the city, tables for religious and adult education institutes, and general employment. This second edition is extended considerably from the first, including a valuable contribution from William J. Mullen, Prison Agent, who reports comparative statistics on convictions and incarceration rates for Blacks in Philadelphia penitentiaries up to 1859, along with a somewhat less scientific analysis of how the "use of intoxicating drinks" factors in to these numbers. A scarce and important statistical study of Philadelphia's African American population on the eve of the Civil War; OCLC locates copies of this edition at fourteen institutions, and Rare Book Hub records only one other copy at auction.