LOCKE, John. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Volume 1, only (of 2). Engraved frontispiece. , iv, , 372pp. 8vo. London: Printed for Arthur Bettesworth and Charles Hitch [and others], 1731. Tenth edition. Contemporary calf, front cover detached, spine worn. Housed in a morocco backed slipcase. Provenance: John Dickinson (signature on title, ink underlinings and emphasis marks in the text and margins, many pages dog-eared, inscription on the front endpaper: "See page 31, 39, 57, 37. The distinction between natural inclination and Ideas or Principles of Law or Duty"). A fine and important association copy belonging to the author of Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania (1767-68) - among the first political tracts arguing for colonial rights - who was also one of the most important figures in the debate surrounding American independence. Known as the "penman of the Revolution," Dickinson drafted the Declaration of Rights and Grievances for the Stamp Act Congress in 1765, and following the passage of the Townshend Acts in 1765 began penning a series of essays, "Letters from a Farmer" was initially published in the Pennsylvania Chronicle between December 1767 and April 1768, the essays were reprinted widely in newspapers throughout the colonies and soon appeared in several pamphlet editions in America. In 1769, Benjamin Franklin arranged for its publication in London and Paris. Locke's influence on the Founders cannot be overstated. Both the present work and Locke's Second Treatise on Government formed the philosophical underpinnings of the Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights. In this first volume, Dickinson has added his ownership signature to the title page as well as a note on the front endpaper concerning the conflict between man's natural inclinations and the following of laws. Another annotation of particular note is Dickinson's highlighting of Locke's discussion of the concept of liberty as it relates to power on page 194. Dickinson and his wife Mary Norris Dickinson together owned one of the most noted libraries in America, with many volumes from the library of Mary's father, Isaac Norris. A wealthy Philadelphia merchant (and among those who commissioned the casting of the Liberty Bell), much of Isaac Norris' library was purchased in England. "Building upon the volumes collected by his.