SWIETEN, Gerard, Baron Van [et al]. The Diseases Incident to Armies with the Method of Cure. Translated from the Original...To Which Are Added; The Nature and Treatment of Gun-Shot Wounds ... Likewise, Some Brief Directions, To Be Observed By Sea Surgeons in Engagements. Also, Preventatives of the Scurvy at Sea...Published, For the Use of Military, and Naval Surgeon in America. Phila.: R. Bell, 1776. 164pp. Includes a separate titlepage for Extracts for the Marine Practice of Physic and Surgery by William Northcote, (pp. -164). Contemporary calf, rebacked and re-corned in period-style calf, brown morocco spine label, housed in custom cloth slipcase. Spine ends and corners lightly rubbed. Printed bookplate of Henry E. Turner on front pastedown, and his ownership signature on titlepage. Light scattered foxing and toning. A very good copy. Hildeburn 3477, 3407. Austin 1843, 1085. Sabin 94063. Evans 15100, 14814. ESTC W30866, W19179. A notable medical work of the American Revolution, printed at the same time as the Declaration of Independence, by Robert Bell, the same printer who issued Common Sense. Baron van Swieten's work is a scarce compilation of important works on military medicine. In the preface, Bell voices his hope that the publication of this work "will be attended with the most salutary influences, in the preservation of lives of many of those valuable citizens of America, who, as soldiers and sailors, are now contending for the mighty prize of Freedom." Van Swieten's work offers treatments for a variety of diseases incidental to military conflict, including vomiting, dysentery, diarrhea, gangrene, fever, and much more. The rest of the text, which begins with a separate titlepage following page 112, contains works by British physicians Northcote and Ranby on the treatment of gunshot wounds and instructions for naval surgeons. A note on the final text leaf, dated May 6, 1776, promotes "all the newest political pamphlets; either for, or against, Independency" published by Bell. A Boston edition of the entire work appeared the following year. Dr. Henry Edward Turner was a physician most of his life in Newport, Rhode Island. He was known to take in trade for his services family Bible records from his patient's families. He became one.