FADEN, William. Plan of the Position which the Army under Lt. Genl. Burgoine Took at Saratoga on the 10th. of September 1777, and in Which It Remained till the Convention Was Signed. [London]: Published by Wm. Faden, Feby. 1st., 1780. Engraved map, partially handcolored, 14? x 21? inches. Binding tab mounted at top edge. A bit of dustsoiling to edges, light even tanning. Contemporary manuscript annotation to lower right corner. Near fine. Nebenzahl, Atlas of the American Revolution, Pp.110-11. Nebenzahl, Battle Plans of the American Revolution 57. Sellers & Van Ee, Maps and Charts of North America & the West Indies 1178 (ref), 1188. This map (oriented with north to the right) depicts the final positions of British Gen. John Burgoyne's troops as they prepared for the Second Battle of Saratoga in the fall of 1777. The plan shows a tight camp of British units stationed on the high ground just west of the Fishkill (in pink); Hessian (blue) and Canadian (pink) troops are stationed further north. Gen. Horatio Gates' main army (orange) is shown south of the Fishkill, Col. Dan Morgan's famous riflemen (orange) are shown just north of the high ground (just below the map title), Gen. John Fellows' troops (orange) are shown on the east side of the Hudson. At the northern edge is the Bridge of Boats constructed across the Hudson River by the British, "Where the Army crossed to their route from Fort Edward to Stillwater." The map also shows the ruins of Fort Hardy, Schuyler's house, a church, and vegetation. Burgoyne had led a large force to northern New York from the Champlain Valley, hoping to intersect with additional British forces coming from New York City and Lake Ontario. The additional forces never arrived, and Burgoyne was surrounded by American forces. He fought two battles attempting to break out, but both failed. Burgoyne's defeat at the Battle of Bemis Heights (Second Battle of Saratoga) ended the British plan of northern conquest. It was also a major turning point in the Revolutionary War, in large part because news of Burgoyne's surrender was instrumental in convincing France to join the conflict war as an American ally, which then forced the British to divert resources to fighting the French in Europe and the West Indies. Burgoyne surrendered to Gates on October 17. The British and German troops were.