Plan of the City and Environs of Quebec, with Its Siege. William FADEN.

Plan of the City and Environs of Quebec, with Its Siege

Item #78661

FADEN, William. Plan of the City and Environs of Quebec, with Its Siege and Blockade by the Americans, from the 8th. of December 1775 to the 13th. of May 1776. London: Wm. Faden, 12 Septemr., 1776. Engraved map with two small places of contemporary handcoloring, 21? x 28? inches. Vertical fold with binding tab mounted at fold on verso. A bit of dust soiling to edges, a few spots of faint foxing, light even tanning. Contemporary manuscript annotation on verso. Near fine. Nebenzahl, Atlas of the American Revolution, pp.51-53, 64-65. Nebenzahl, Battle Plans of the American Revolution 44. Sellers & Van Ee, Maps And Charts Of North America & The West Indies 609. An intricate and important battle plan of the Continental Army's failed siege of Quebec, executed by William Faden in September 1776, just four months after the army finally retreated. The map depicts the plan of the fortified city and its defenses in detail, as well as the surrounding topography, including the cliffs overlooking the St. Lawrence River. Also visible are major landmarks such as the citadel, cathedral, Recollets friary, and Jesuit seminary. There is a key identifying the bastions surrounding the Upper Town along with key battle locations. The letters "L" and "M" locate the points of attack by Montgomery and Arnold on 31 December; Arnold's position on the Plains of Abraham during the long winter siege is noted, as are the two American batteries erected in April 1776 (handcolored blue): one across the St. Lawrence to the east (near the spot Gen. Monckton had a battery in 1759), and another to the north across the St. Charles River. In May 1775 Ethan Allen's and Benedict Arnold's troops captured British forts at Crown Point and Ticonderoga. This opened a route into Canada, and the tantalizing possibility of adding Quebec as a fourteenth colony, hoping its Francophone citizens would be keen to shift their allegiance from Britain. That fall, Richard Montgomery led a small force north, capturing Forts St.-Jean and Chambly along the way. In early December he connected with Arnold's forces, though by this point, they could only field about 1000 troops; they were outnumbered two-to-one. The Americans dug in as best they could considering the frozen ground on the Plains of Abraham, and placed the city under siege. On the morning of 31 December,

Price: $5,500.00

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