hardbound. Item #77999
CAREY, Matthew. The American Museum, or Repository of Ancient and Modern Fugitive Pieces, &c.... Philadelphia: Carey [and Stewart and Co.], January 1787-December 1792, 1798. Thirteen volumes comprising seventy-two consecutive monthly issues and the rarely seen thirteenth issue. Collations given below. Contemporary sheep, spines gilt, black morocco label. Expertly rebacked, toned, scattered foxing, else a very good set. James N. Green, MATHEW CAREY, PUBLISHER AND PATRIOT, pp.6-7. Chielens, AMERICAN LITERARY MAGAZINES, pp.19-24. Mott, A History of American Magazines, Vol. 1, pp. 100-107. A mostly-complete run of THE AMERICAN MUSEUM, America's first literary magazine, and a pioneering effort on the part of its to develop and promote an indigenous literary culture. Carey began THE AMERICAN MUSEUM on the heels of a failed partnership with other printers called the COLUMBIAN MAGAZINE. Carey's original goal in his solo venture was to cull from other sources the best essays on political, economic, and cultural subjects, as well as poetry and prose, and offer it to a national audience. Despite the note to the reader in his first issue apologizing for his journal being "destitute as it is of originality," he soon began to publish original work. A favorable opinion of the Museum from George Washington, often reprinted in advertisements, enhanced its reputation. Carey cast a wide net in soliciting writers and topics for his periodical. Among the distinguished contributors are Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Paine, James Bowdoin, David Rittenhouse, Benjamin West, Jeremy Belknap, Ezra Stiles, Noah Webster, H. M. Brackenridge, Joel Barlow, Timothy Dwight, Benjamin Rush, Joel Dickinson, and Tench Coxe. All of the major issues of the day, as well as scientific and cultural events, found a place in its pages. Not the least of these are the debates surrounding the Constitution, but also internal improvements, manufactures, agriculture, and the general state of the nation, as well as poetry and varied prose. The appearance of the federal Constitution in the September 1787 issue is one of the first contemporary printings of the document, and the inclusion in the same issue of a "Letter Relative to the Hessian Fly" shows the range of the journal's interests. THE AMERICAN MUSEUM became a vital source for information about the activities of the federal government, as Carey printed reports from cabinet departments, the proceedings of Congress, state constitutions, treaties with foreign nations, and foreign intelligence. Authors contributing literary essays and poetry include Francis Hopkinson, Philip Freneau, David Humphreys, Timothy Dwight, and John Trumbull.
Carey began the magazine with less than a score of subscribers, but its first issue a popularity sufficient to exhaust the edition of a thousand copies"-Mott, p. 101. The success of THE AMERICAN MUSEUM helped establish Mathew Carey as the leading printer of his generation. Through the publication of the periodical he was able to develop a distribution network, which greatly aided him in coming years as he became a leading book publisher. A congressional change in postal rates for magazines in 1792 forced Carey to end THE AMERICAN MUSEUM in order "to have recourse to some other object that might afford a better reward to industry."
In 1799, Carey revived the magazine as The American Museum: or, Annual Register of Fugitive Pieces, Ancient and Modern. It was issued for Carey on 20 June 1799 by the Lancaster, Pennsylvania, firm of W. & R. Dickson. Carey hoped to revive, on a different plan, the magazine. Only the one volume was published.
Complete sets with all volumes and all plates are extremely scarce. The present set collates as follows:
Volume 1: xvi,iv, -54,63-576pp, with errors in pagination [i.e., pp. 497-498 not issued]. With general title, and individual issue titles, index, and list of subscribers. Lacks pages 55-62 (clearly this copy for January 1787 was issued lacking this signature). Vol. 1, No. 1 January, 1787 [2nd edition, 1788], No. 2 February, 1787 [1st ed., 1787], No. 3 March, 1787 [1st ed., 1787], No. 4 April, 1787 [1st ed., 1787], No. 5 May, 1787 [1st ed., 1787], No. 6 June, 1787 [1st ed., 1787].
Volume 2: xvi, -600, 24pp. With dedication to Lafayette, list of subscribers and Index; without a general title but with individual issue titles. Vol. 2, No. 1 July, 1787 [1st ed., 1787], No. 2 August, 1787 [2nd ed., 1789], No. 3 September, 1787 [2nd ed., 1792], No. 4 October, 1787 [2nd ed., 1792], No. 5 November, 1787 [2nd ed., 1792], No. 6 December, 1787 [2nd ed., 1793]. With a printing of the U.S. Constitution on pp. 276-284.
Volume 3: xvi, -594, -602pp, with errors in pagination as issued [i.e., pages 595-596 not issued]. Without a general title, but with individual issue titles. Woodcut illustration of a constellation on p.214. Page 509/10 torn with minor loss. Vol. 3, No. 1 January, 1788 [1st ed., 1788], No. 2 February, 1788 [1st ed., 1788], No. 3 March, 1788 [2nd ed., 1789], No. 4 April, 1788 [2nd edition, 1790], No. 5 May, 1788 [2nd ed., 1792], No. 6 June, 1788 [2nd ed., 1792]. Includes William Pinckney's speech "On the Manumission of Slaves" pp.274-277 and "Letter on Slavery. By a Negro" pp. 277-280.
Volume 4 [first edition, 1788]: xvi, -592pp, with errors in pagination as issued [i.e., with page 248 twice and without page 264]. With a general title; with the preliminary extract of a letter from George Washington leaf preceding general title and dedication to George Washington on pp. v-vi. Vol. 4, No. 1 through No. 6 [July, 1788 - December, 1788].
Volume 5 [first edition, 1789]: xvi, -628pp. With a general title. Vol. 5, No. 1 through No. 6 [January, 1789 - June, 1789]. Without the map of the Gulf Stream (March 1789) or the Plan of African ship's lower deck (May 1789), as usual.
Volume 6 [first edition, 1789]: 492, 46, [6, index]pp. With a general title. Woodcut of a deformed African American boy on p. 350. Vol. 6, No. 1 through No. 6 [July, 1789 - December, 1789].
Volume 7 (first edition, 1790): 344, 44, 44, 44, 40, [4, index]pp., errors in pagination as issued [i.e. pp. 13-15 and 18, of the fourth appendix not issued]. With a general title. Vol. 7, No. 1 through No. 6 [January, 1790 - June, 1790]. With a printing of the Bill of Rights on pp. 11-13 of the second appendix.
Volume 8 (first edition, 1790): 288, 40, 80, 20, 52pp. With a general title. Vol. 8, No. 1 through No. 6 [July, 1790 - December, 1790].
Volume 9 (first edition, 1791): 344, 48, 40, 48pp. With a general title. Woodcut of a river on p. 254. Vol. 9, No. 1 through No. 6 [January, 1791 - June, 1791].
Volume 10 (first edition, 1791): 308, 36, 48, 44pp. With a general title. Vol. 10, No. 1 through No. 6 [July, 1791 -December, 1791].
Volume 11 (first edition 1792): 308, 36, 92, 48, pp. With a general title. Vol. 11, No. 1 through No. 6 [January, 1792 -June, 1792]. Includes a printing of Hamilton's Report on Manufactures in Appendix 2.
Volume 12 (first edition, 1792): iv, -196, [189*]-352, 36, 44, 40pp. With a general title. Vol. 12, No. 1 through No. 6 [July, 1792 - December, 1792].
Volume 13: Title reads: The American Museum: or, Annual Register of Fugitive Pieces, Ancient and Modern. For the Year 1798.Printed for Matthew Carey, Philadelphia, by W. & R. Dickson, Lancaster, June 20, 1799. 416,[5, Index]pp. Folding table. Evans 35105. Mott does not deal with this since he concentrated on magazines issues. Opens with a long consideration of capital crimes and the death penalty. These crimes include, besides manslaughter and murder, arson, burglary, counterfeiting, mayhem, and homosexuality or "crimes against nature": "This crime, to which there is so little temptation, that philosophers have affected to doubt its existence, is, in America, as rare it is detestable. In a country where marriage takes place so early, and the intercourse between the sexes is not difficult, there can be no reason for severe penalties to restrain this abuse." Alexander Hamilton's "Warnings" written by "Americus" are reprinted. Included are articles on free trade, France, England, and a speech by William Pinkney in the Maryland House of Delegates to ameliorate certain measure of "the conditions of the African Race" and for repealing the prohibition of "manumission of Slaves." There is a long section on the XYZ Affair with instructions to and dispatches from American envoys.