(MONROE DOCTRINE). [MONROE, JAMES]. Message from the President of the United States, to Both Houses of Congress, at the Commencement of the First Session of the Eighteenth Congress [Promulgating the Monroe Doctrine]. [bound with:] Documents Accompanying the Message of the President of the United States, to Both Houses, at the Commencement of the First Session of the Eighteenth Congress. Washington: Gales & Seaton, 1823. 15, 206pp. plus 25 folded charts and tables. Orig. calf, rebacked with original spine laid over. Spine gilt, leather label, boards blind tooled. Text foxed and tanned, untrimmed. Very good. In a cloth clamshell box. Shoemaker 14504, 14638. Wagner-Camp 22. First Congressional printing of President James Monroe's message to both houses putting forth the Monroe Doctrine, one of the most important of American state papers, and the guiding principle of United States diplomacy in the Western Hemisphere since its promulgation. In his message to Congress, Monroe asserted that the Americas could not be the subject of colonization by European powers, and that any European intervention in the Americas would be considered a "manifestation of an unfriendly disposition towards the United States." Bound with a collection of documents related to the proceedings of the first session of the Eighteenth Congress, the opening of which was marked by Monroe's historic message. Most prominent among these are the documents which accompanied the President's message itself, and which contain reports from the various offices of the War Department, as well as correspondence from William Henry Ashley and Benjamin O'Fallon describing attacks on trading parties and U.S. military forces by the Arikara and Blackfoot Indians near the Missouri River in what is now South Dakota.